Posts Tagged ‘Community and Public Health Nursing’

Cultural Diversity and Community Oriented Nursing Practice

November 26, 2008

Culturally competent nursing care is guided by four principles (AAN Expert Panel, 1992). One of those four guided principles addresses sensitivity. Cultural competent nursing care entails providing care with sensitivity based on the cultural uniqueness of your patient. Sensitivity would be of utmost importance in the field of forensic nursing. One subspecialty of forensic nursing is the care of sexual assault patients. As a sexual assault nurse examiner cultural competence must be demonstrated as a caregiver as you observe, recognize and collect evidence in legal cases for traumatic sexual assault injury. Because we live in such a diverse society it is essential that the nurse demonstrate cultural competence in the care of all patients but especially sexual assault patients. (Stanhope: Community and Public Nursing Chapter 7)

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Ethics in Community-Oriented Nursing Practice

November 26, 2008

Ethics decision making has application to healthcare professional both in community-oriented nursing and forensic nursing. Webster’s New World Dictionary defines forensic as 1) characteristics of, or suitable for a law court, public debate, or formal argumentation. 2) specializing in or having to do with the application of scientific, esp. medical knowledge to legal matters, as in the investigation of crime. Forensic nursing makes application of the science of nursing to the administration of justice. The International Association of Forensic Nurses, code of ethics states in part that the association expects its members to adhere to the highest standards of ethics. Forensic nurses have professional obligations to colleagues, to science, and to the public, and especially to those members of the public who are demonstrably disadvantaged. Accordingly, the International Association of Forensic Nurses expects its members and associate members to abide by its Code of Ethics as a condition of initial and continued membership. So just as the ethical principles and approaches to community oriented nursing are enduring and dynamic so to with the ethical principles that apply to forensic nursing. (Stanhope: Community and Public Nursing Chapter 6)

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Contrast of forensic nursing and public and community health nursing

November 25, 2008

Forensic nursing, literally meaning nursing as it pertains to the law, combines the health care industry with the judicial system. It is a fairly new specialty of nursing that involves providing care to victims of crime and patients within the prison system. Forensic nurses not only provide direct care to victims, but also collect evidence for law enforcement agencies. The term “forensic nursing” was coined in 1992 and the American Nurses Association officially recognized the field beginning in 1995. The professional organization for forensic nursing is the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN). IAFN has more than 2,400 in the United States and abroad. Community and public health nursing in contrast has a long rich history. The National Organization for Public Nursing founded in 1912 provided essential leadership and coordination of community and public nursing. The field of nursing continues ever evolving and diverse. (Stanhope: Community and Public Nursing Chapter 2)

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